Shoulder Overview

The shoulder is a ball-and-socket-type joint that helps the shoulder move forward and backward, allows the arm to rotate in a circular motion, and hinges out-and-up away from the body. Most shoulder problems happen when soft tissues in the joint and shoulder area break down or are injured. 

What Are Causes of Shoulder Problems?

Very often, just the wear-and-tear of aging, especially when the shoulder is over-taxed. Could also be triggered by repeating the same motion, performing manual labor, or injuries from working out, playing sports or falling down.

What Are the Different Types of Shoulder Problems?

  • Dislocation – when the ball atop the arm bone pops out of the shoulder socket.
  • Separation – when the ligaments between the collarbone and the shoulder blade area tear.
  • Rotator cuff disease, such as tendinitis and bursitis – when tendons in the shoulder inflame or become red, sore or swollen.
  • Torn rotator cuff, a tear in the tendon in the rotator cuff.
  • Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis, happens when movement of the shoulder is restricted.
  • Osteoarthritis – when the cartilage in the joint wears down over time and the bones rub together.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – a disease of the immune system that causes inflammation in a joint.

What are the Symptoms of a Shoulder Problem?

The signs and symptoms depend on the type and severity of the condition or injury, and could include:

  • Pain, tenderness, tightness or stiffness
  • Decrease in your shoulder motion.
  • Muscle spasms
  • Swelling
  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Bruising
  • A bump in the middle of the top of the shoulder
  • Clicking or popping noise when arm is moving
  • Increased discomfort at night

What are Possible Treatments for Shoulder Problems?

Depending on the type and severity of the condition or injury, initial conservative care might include rest, ice, heat, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical therapy. If pain worsens or persists, minimally-invasive, injections can decrease inflammation within the joint and help relieve pain. Additionally, injections of anesthetic and steroid medication may be recommended to help reduce inflammation, relieve pain and restore mobility and use.

Please feel free to contact us at New Jersey Pain Care Specialists to discuss any questions or concerns you may have about your own situation. Dr. Bram and staff will give you the time and attention to properly understand and accurately diagnose your condition, and to recommend the most advanced, non-invasive, effective and efficient treatment to eliminate or relieve your pain.